Greater vehicle efficiency translates to reduced climate impact compared with traditional vehicles, even if coal is used as the primary power source. Use of renewables such as solar and wind can eliminate net carbon emissions.
There are several types of vehicles that use electricity as their primary fuel source or to improve the efficiency of conventional vehicles. The purchase of an electric drive vehicle may be eligible for a federal tax credit of up to $7500.
Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs)
HEVs combine a conventional internal combustion engine with an electric motor that uses energy stored in a battery. The battery is recharged through regenerative braking and does not require a plug-in charging station. There are a number of fleet success stories using HEVs, from bucket trucks to delivery trucks like Frito-Lay’s delivery fleet or UPS' and Verizon’s success with class 5 and 6 trucks.
Plug-in Hybrids (PHEVs)
With a traditional internal combustion engine and an electric motor, PHEVs are a close cousin to the HEV. As the name suggests, PHEVs include the capability to receive a charge from an external plug.
All-Electric Vehicles (EVs)
The EV stores its electric energy in an onboard battery used to power the electric motor. Like the Plug-in Hybrid, the all-electric vehicle needs to be charged by plugging into an electrical source.
Drive Electric Ohio, an initiative of Clean Fuels Ohio, was created to help encourage the use of electric vehicles and spur the growth of the electric vehicle industry in Ohio. Join today and enjoy exclusive membership benefits, support and resources you need to start driving green.